Under the framework of the ILO/UNESCO project entitled “Expansion of the KAB programme in Kurdistan targeting students enrolled in vocational education institutions and unemployed youth graduates of TVET” the first KAB follow-up workshop targeting teachers working under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) started on Sunday June 2nd, 2013 and was attended by 12 participants who were trained in September 2012 and only delivered KAB starting May 6, 2013 to 276 out-of- school/unemployed Kurdish youth.
The opening session was attended by the ILO Enterprise Development Specialist, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, and Mr. Khalid Khoshnaw, UNESCO National Programme Officer in Erbil. The Enterprise Development Specialist shared with the participants the 2013 KAB version stating that the delay they faced in the implementation of the programme provided them with the opportunity to be trained on the latest KAB version. Additionally, the delay allowed the ILO to initiate the translation of the material to Kurdish and make available the unedited version for teachers to use in their classrooms.
During the workshop it was made clear by teachers that students enrolled in the KAB training, who are mainly women, may not be applying to the loan once they complete the course and submit their business plans. This could be due to many reasons most importantly the fact that they do not have the willingness to start their own businesses (this was not imposed as a pre-requisite on the students who enrolled in the course). Additionally there is the fact that once they apply for the loan they will be forbidden to access any government employment for the next 6 years (loan reimbursement period).
In the last session of the workshop a training plan was drawn and agreed upon covering the topics to be delivered in the remaining course period. The number of hours, games to be played for each topic were presented and agreed upon in order to complete the delivery by July 4, 2013. Consequently, it was agreed to hold the second follow-up workshop from 6-8 July 2013.
Under the framework of the ILO/UNESCO project entitled “Expansion of the KAB programme in Kurdistan targeting students enrolled in vocational education institutions and unemployed youth graduates of TVET”, a second KAB follow-up workshop was held in Erbil from 1-4 February 2013.
The workshop was implemented in two parts. The first part started on Friday February 1, 2013 in the afternoon in the presence of 9 KAB facilitators previously trained under an ILO project in 2008-2011. Over two sessions, the ILO facilitators presented and discussed with the participants the changes and additions made on the KAB programme in its new 2013 version, namely the concepts of green enterprises.
The second part of the workshop started on Saturday February 2, 2013 with 22 participants divided as follows:
- 10 “new” KAB facilitators and 2 KAB supervisors trained under the current ILO/UNESCO project (5 from MoHE and Scientific Research and 7 from the MoE).
- 10 “old” KAB facilitators trained under a previous ILO project during the period from 2008 to 2011 (5 from MoHE and Scientific Research and 5 from the MoE)
The opening session was attended by the ILO Enterprise Development Specialist, Mr. Ryo Justin Ragland, the Programme Coordinator at UNESCO/Amman and Mr. Khalid Khoshnaw, UNESCO National Programme Officer in Erbil. TheEnterprise DevelopmentSpecialist seized the opportunity to distribute the long due KAB ‘National Facilitator’ certificates to the “old” KAB teachers who completed the certification requirements as National Facilitators under a previous ILO project but were never provided with certificates.
The main activities of the workshop included the following:
- KAB teachers and supervisors presented their KAB teaching experiences. They highlighted successes, difficulties, challenges faced and how they dealt with them. A discussion was initiated after each presentation to exchange lessons learned and good practices. The presentations served as a good platform for KAB experience sharing and knowledge dissemination among the participants.
- Participants selected a number of KAB topics to be explained/reviewed in the refresher namely:
- Decent work
- Balance sheet
- Cash flow plan
- Business Game/Module 1
All above mentioned topics, including the Business Game, were presented by the participants on a voluntary basis with additions made by the KAB facilitators whenever needed.
The last session of the workshop was dedicated to collecting participants’ ideas and suggestions about the integration of the KAB programme in their teaching curricula based on its pilot implementation. Participants were divided in 2 groups one from the MoE and one from the MoHE and Scientific Research. Some of the recommendations made include:
- Developing a KAB nationalization strategy/work plan based on the chosen alternative which will include training of the required number of new KAB teachers and training/certification of a number of national key facilitators (NKFs) to ensure the sustainability of the programme in Kurdistan.
- Training an additional 30 KAB teachers (10 teachers for Erbil, 10 teachers for Dohuk and 10 teachers for Sulaymaniya) to ensure a good teaching capacity in Kurdistan.
- Liaising with the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) to facilitate the financing of business plans developed by students of the MoE and MoEHE who successfully complete the KAB programme.
KAB Follow-Up Workshop
9-11 December 2012: Erbil-Kurdistan, Iraq
Under the framework of the recently launched ILO/UNESCO project entitled “Expansion of the KAB programme in Kurdistan targeting students enrolled in vocational education institutions and unemployed youth graduates of TVET”, a KAB follow-up workshop was held in Erbil by two KAB Regional Key Facilitators (RKFs).
The workshop was attended by 12 participants (4 teachers and 1 supervisor from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and 6 teachers and one supervisor form the Ministry of Education). During the workshop, participants shared their KAB teaching experiences and KAB supervisors reported the challenges they faced in implementing class visits outside Erbil due to administrative issues.
Training sessions were delivered by participants covering the new topics added to the KAB package, namely greening enterprises, Decent Work, Gender and people with disabilities. The suggested changes and sequence of topics proposed in the KAB 2013 version, (still in its draft form), were also presented to get the feedback and endorsement of the teachers before proceeding with translation and printing of the Kurdish KAB 2013 version. Finally, it was suggested to invite the old KAB facilitators trained under an earlier ILO project from both Ministries to participate in the second follow- workshop that will be held in February 2013 to increase the pool of teachers and equip the Ministries with a sufficient number of teachers to deliver the programme to the largest number of classes.
The first KAB National Key Facilitator workshop in the Arab Region was held in Erbil, Iraq at the Information Technology Academy.
The workshop was attended by 22 teachers (3 women and 19 men) and was delivered by Samih Jaber, KAB Regional Key Facilitator and Rania Bikhazi, KAB International Key Facilitator and Enterprise Development Specialist at ILO Regional Office for Arab States.
Given the specificity of the Iraq context making it impossible for the ILO to monitor the delivery of teachers in the classroom, 2 written exams were administered in the workshop. The first test examined the technical knowledge and the second assessed the teachers' ability to conduct properly the KAB games.
Attached are some workshop photos.
In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region countries such as Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen, have introduced or are in the process of introducing the Know About Business (KAB) entrepreneurship education at various educational levels such as secondary, post-secondary, vocational and technical schools and higher education
The objective of this international conference on entrepreneurship education was to bring together politicians, researchers, educators, practitioners and students mainly from Arabian countries to discuss and share knowledge and experiences with a view to develop better policies and guidelines for the promotion of self-employment and youth entrepreneurship through entrepreneurship education. 190 participants from 28 countries shared their experience and knowledge about entrepreneurship education. The present document synthesizes the main discussions and recommendations made during the conference.
The game has been carried out through a programmme known about business KAB, developed by the International Labor Organization ILO, as experimental training in Iraq, Ministry of Labor, Vocational Training Center AL- Waziriya.
The game is an adaptation of a game taken from the web of management consultancy international (blog.mci.edu.au). The game was called "the ball and the tubes" and where the trainees were asked to move a ball through pipes and overcome different types of problems and complications by identifying the appropriate solution.
Trainees learned and applied through the game communication skills, teamwork, problem identification and solution finding.
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