The KAB follow up workshops targeting teachers from vocational education and general education on delivering KAB in classrooms.
The first workshop that targeted vocational education teachers was facilitated by Mr.Wael Ghosn, KAB Regional Key Facilitator (RKF). The workshop was held from 23 to 25 October 2013 at the Ministry of Education in Beirut and was attended by 17 participants from the General Directorate of Vocational Education (13 men and 4 women) who will later be delivering the KAB in classrooms during the 2013-2014 academic year.
The second workshop that targeted general education teachers was facilitated by Mr.Samih Jaber, KAB Regional Key Facilitator (RKF). The workshop was held from 23 to 25 October 2013 at the Ministry of Education and Higher Education in Beirut and was attended by 21 participants who will be delivering the KAB in classrooms during the 2013-2014 academic year.
During the training workshops, the RKF was present and took part in facilitating the sessions according to the set agenda: warm up exercises and ice breaking activities were held, the RKF worked with participants on how to complete and analyse them and submit the required programme reports. Teachers were also given an introduction of the workshop objectives and agenda and review of participants’ expectations in view of the workshop objectives and highlighting.
The participants showed a high level of participation and commitment during the workshop and enthusiasm toward the KAB programme.
The second round of delivery for the 2013-2014 academic year has started in the hope of reaching a nationalisation decision.
Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) is an innovative approach to improving working conditions and productivity in small and medium-sized enterprises around the world. It is a process in which entrepreneurs and managers are empowered and supported to address working conditions issues through the identification, sharing and implementation of local and affordable good practices.
The WISE workshop was conducted in Amman from 1 till 5 December 2013. Fifteen participants attended the workshop, eight from Lebanon and seven from Jordan. The participants consisted of trainers and consultants from different firms of the Lebanese and Jordanian private sectors; as well as representatives from the Lebanese Ministry of Industry, the Industrial Research Institute and ELCIM; and the Jordanian Chambers of Industry.
The workshop was focused on the introduction of the WISE methodology and approach in an effort to provide the participants with an understanding of what the WISE package is exactly, and what their role will be in terms of the WISE program.
At the end of the workshop, during each of the presentations conducted by the participants, members of the training team joined by a member of the ILO evaluated each participant individually, based on specific criteria that were made clear to the participants prior to the presentations.
Under the framework of the ILO project with the Business Development Center in Jordan which aims to integrate the KAB programme in secondary vocational schools and community colleges in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by Al Balka’a Applied University, part 1 of the KAB TOF workshop was conducted over 6 days from 26 to 31 October 2013 at the Geneva Hotel in Amman. The workshop was facilitated by the KAB Regional Key Facilitators (RKFs), Mr. Wael Ghosn and Mr. Samih Jaber.
The workshop was attended by 22 participants (18 men and 4 women) of which 20 from the following 7 faculties of AL Balqa Applied University are ready to start teaching KAB to the students immediately:
- Faculty of Zarqa,
- Faculty of Engineering Technology,
- Faculty of Huson, Faculty of Princess Alia,
- Faculty of Princess Rahma,
- Irbid Faculty, and
- Faculty of Ajloun.
The participants showed a high level of engagement and commitment during the workshop and enthusiasm toward the KAB programme. After participants finish the delivery of the first 4 modules of the KAB in class another TOF is foreseen to train them on the second part of the package.
Under the framework of the ILO project with the Business Development Center in Jordan which aims to integrate the KAB programme in secondary vocational schools and community colleges in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by Al Balka’a Applied University, part 1 of the KAB TOF workshop was conducted over 6 days from 5-10 October 2013 at the Bristol Hotel in Amman. The workshop was facilitated by the KAB Regional Key Facilitators (RKFs), Mr. Wael Ghosn and Mr. Samih Jaber and targeted teachers from vocational schools.
The workshop was attended by 25 participants (17 men and 8 women) from the MoE (Ministry of Education) from the following schools:
- Sahab Technical School,
- Ein Jalout Comprehensive Technical Secondary School for Girls,
- Rural Development Center/Al Balqa’a – Deir Alla,
- Al Nasr Technical School,
- Ibn Al Nafees Industrial School/Sweileh,
- Qutaibah Ibn Muslem Technical School/ Al Hashemi Al Shamali,
- Hala Bint Khuwailed Comprehensive Technical Secondary School for Girls/Jabal Altaj,
- Al Bayader Comprehensive Technical Secondary School for Girls/ Al Jandaweel,
- Al Nuzha Comprehensive Technical Secondary School for Girls,
- Marj Al Hamam Technical Secondary School,
- Wadi Al Sair Technical Secondary School,
- Al Shareef Abdel Hameed Sharaf Technical Secondary School, and
- Al Dhulail Central School.
- The 25 teachers who attended the workshop will start piloting KAB in classrooms during the 2013-2014 academic year.
- The nominated 2-3 KAB supervisors from the MoE will follow up on the pilot implementation of the KAB programme and oversee the teachers’ performance by conducting a minimum of 2 class visits per teacher for quality assurance and to assess teachers as part of their certification.
- After participants finish the delivery of the first 4 modules of the KAB in class another TOF is foreseen to train them on the second part of the package.
Under the framework of the ILO KAB project with the Development and Employment Fund and the Vocational Training Corporation, a follow-up workshop was conducted for 3 days during the period 20-22 October 2013 at Abu Nuseir Vocational Training Institute located near Amman. The workshop was facilitated by the KAB RKFs, Mr. Wael Ghosn and Mr. Samih Jaber and aimed to go over the challenges and lessons learned from the implementation of KAB during the 2012-2013 academic year.
The workshop was attended by 28 participants who discussed ways for improving the teaching of the programme and agreed upon several actions to be implemented by teachers and supervisors during the upcoming 2013-2014 academic year:
- Provide a suitable venue for KAB sessions, the required stationery and administrative support by VTC and the selected Institutes’ management.
- Prepare and submit a KAB teaching plan by each Institute including the number of teaching hours per week to complete the programme not exceeding (10) hours per week and (4) hours per day.
- Conduct monitoring and follow-up visits by supervisors who would attend 2-3 sessions per teacher as part of the certification process.
- Provide certificates to the trainees who completed the KAB programme
- Conduct awareness activities on the KAB programme by facilitators and supervisors and promote it to the staff and trainees of the institutes to increase enrollment.
- Improve the knowledge and skills of KAB teachers in specific package topics especially the accounting topics.
- Include in each KAB class students from the same specialization. The class would preferably be taught by the KAB facilitator that teaches this specialization.
The workshop evaluation by the participants showed a high satisfaction with the implementation of the workshop and the RKFs performance. This high grade is a result of good and thorough selection of participants, adequate preparations for the workshop, good piloting of the KAB programme and good training and facilitation skills of the workshop facilitators.
Based on a 2013 survey of more than 1,500 entrepreneurs from across the G20 countries, a sample that included 1,000 entrepreneurs aged 40 and under, this report presents the views of young entrepreneurs on a wide range of possible policy and other initiatives that might boost their activities. The findings show that young entrepreneurs are optimistic about their future and recognize that their businesses- and many more like them- have a crucial role to play in tackling the youth unemployment crisis.
50% say that promoting the role of entrepreneurs in job creation will have a high impact on entrepreneurship in their countries over the next three years. But young entrepreneurs also warn they must get further support to fulfil their potential. While access to funding remains critical, they stress the need for more innovative funding models, and they consistently urge government agencies to play a more supportive role. They believe in boosting entrepreneurship through education, and they argue that a cultural shift is necessary for entrepreneurship to accelerate.
Following the successful implementation of the KAB programme in Yemen and at the request of the Minister of Higher Education to include entrepreneurship topics in university curricula, ILO developed a new entrepreneurship programme, “Mubadara”, which is an advanced curriculum targeting senior students in public and private universities.
The aim under the current ILO Youth Employment Project YEM/12/50/NOR in Yemen is to pilot the programme in 7 public and private universities in Yemen and reach out to more than 1000 students during the fall semester of the 2013-2014 academic year.
The “Mubadara” implementation modality is composed of three main components:
- Integrating the curriculum in the selected public and private universities and building the capacity of their faculty members to teach it using an experiential methodology.
- Ensuring quality execution and close monitoring of business plan formulation with the assistance of trained private sector coaches.
- Implementing a national business plan competition which would allow students to apply their learning and increase private sector involvement in supporting entrepreneurship in Yemen.
The launching event of the “Mubadara” programme was held on Thursday July 4th, 2013 at the Bustan Hotel in Sana’a. There were more than 50 attendees from the 7-8 participating universities including, Mr. Mohammed Mottahar, Deputy Minister of Education, Mr. Ali Kassem, MoHE Secretary General, partner banks, representatives of the young businessmen committee of the FCCI and the press. Following the formal opening made by Mr. Kassem (MoHE), Mr. Qaid (SMEPS), Mr. Kalai and Ms. Bikhazi (ILO), all 7 universities and 2 partner banks reviewed the MOU to be signed with SMEPS for the implementation of the “Mubadara” programme and signed it.
There was a general positive atmosphere and all project partners expressed willingness and readiness to take part in the “Mubadara” pilot.
The upcoming Mubadara TOT is scheduled to take place in September 2013 after which teachers will start piloting it in their respective universities.
Under the framework of the ILO project with the Business Development Center in Jordan which aims to integrate the KAB programme in secondary vocational schools and community colleges in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by Al Balka’a Applied University, a series of interviews were conducted by an ILO consultant, the KAB Coordinator and the Director of Entrepreneurship & MSME Support at the Business Development Center (BDC). The interviews targeted 65 teachers from 14 vocational education schools.
Based on ILO’s vast experience in implementing the KAB programme in the Arab Region, suggestions and comments from participants, teachers/trainers and other KAB programme stakeholders and beneficiaries have helped enhance ILO’s project implementation strategies through a series of lessons learned. A main issue faced was the low number of teachers/trainers certified as KAB National Facilitators relative to the total number who attended the KAB Training of Facilitators’ Workshop and participated in the KAB Pilot. In some cases, only 50% of teachers/trainers who participated in the KAB Pilot were certified. Most uncertified teachers/trainers faced severe time constraints, financial constraints, transportation problems, lack of basic calculation skills or were simply disinterested in the KAB programme.
Consequently, ILO started involving all project stakeholders, including teachers/trainers, at the onset of the project to increase their sense of ownership for the programme, introduce them to the programme’s benefits and requirements, and highlight its impact on the entrepreneurial attitudes of both students and teachers/trainers.
One of the newly adopted strategies involves conducting a series of informal interviews with all KAB direct beneficiaries namely, KAB Coordinators, KAB Supervisors and KAB Teachers/Trainers. The purpose of the interviews is to assess the coordinators’, teachers’/trainers’ and supervisors’ readiness and ability to participate in the KAB pilot and ensure they fit the ILO/KAB teacher/trainer criteria. During the interviews, the interviewer re-iterates the objectives of the KAB programme and the requirements for its successful implementation to make sure that all involved parties are aware of what is required from them and are interested in piloting the programme in their institutions.
- Of the 65 teachers selected by the Ministry of Education, a total of 58 were interviewed
- Conducting the teacher interviews after school directors attend the KAB Awareness workshop and involving them in the initial selection of teachers would make the teacher selection process more efficient
- A total of 26 teachers were selected to take part in the KAB pilot, of which 9 are women
- 13 out of the 14 vocational secondary schools will be included in the first year of the KAB pilot.
- Inform the selected teachers about the KAB TOF dates and provide then with a copy of the package to prepare themselves for the training
- Set-up the interviews with teachers from community colleges