The KAB follow up workshops targeting teachers from vocational education and general education on delivering KAB in classrooms.
The first workshop that targeted vocational education teachers was facilitated by Mr.Wael Ghosn, KAB Regional Key Facilitator (RKF). The workshop was held from 23 to 25 October 2013 at the Ministry of Education in Beirut and was attended by 17 participants from the General Directorate of Vocational Education (13 men and 4 women) who will later be delivering the KAB in classrooms during the 2013-2014 academic year.
The second workshop that targeted general education teachers was facilitated by Mr.Samih Jaber, KAB Regional Key Facilitator (RKF). The workshop was held from 23 to 25 October 2013 at the Ministry of Education and Higher Education in Beirut and was attended by 21 participants who will be delivering the KAB in classrooms during the 2013-2014 academic year.
During the training workshops, the RKF was present and took part in facilitating the sessions according to the set agenda: warm up exercises and ice breaking activities were held, the RKF worked with participants on how to complete and analyse them and submit the required programme reports. Teachers were also given an introduction of the workshop objectives and agenda and review of participants’ expectations in view of the workshop objectives and highlighting.
The participants showed a high level of participation and commitment during the workshop and enthusiasm toward the KAB programme.
The second round of delivery for the 2013-2014 academic year has started in the hope of reaching a nationalisation decision.
Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE) is an innovative approach to improving working conditions and productivity in small and medium-sized enterprises around the world. It is a process in which entrepreneurs and managers are empowered and supported to address working conditions issues through the identification, sharing and implementation of local and affordable good practices.
The WISE workshop was conducted in Amman from 1 till 5 December 2013. Fifteen participants attended the workshop, eight from Lebanon and seven from Jordan. The participants consisted of trainers and consultants from different firms of the Lebanese and Jordanian private sectors; as well as representatives from the Lebanese Ministry of Industry, the Industrial Research Institute and ELCIM; and the Jordanian Chambers of Industry.
The workshop was focused on the introduction of the WISE methodology and approach in an effort to provide the participants with an understanding of what the WISE package is exactly, and what their role will be in terms of the WISE program.
At the end of the workshop, during each of the presentations conducted by the participants, members of the training team joined by a member of the ILO evaluated each participant individually, based on specific criteria that were made clear to the participants prior to the presentations.
The ILO Regional Office for Arab States and the ILO Office in Cairo started in 2006 the implementation of the KAB programme in vocational and technical education in order to foster entrepreneurship thinking among youth and promote self-employment as a career option.
The overall objective of the meeting is to improve the knowledge and understanding of the KAB practitioners, facilitators and promoters of the programme content, implementation methodology, management and strategic future developments needed.
The meeting was attended by 57 representatives of ministries and national partners who have implemented the programme namely from Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. And KAB certified Regional and National Key Facilitators and coordinators/supervisors also took part in the meeting from the same countries mentioned above.
The workshop included presentations from the implementing partners and consultants, and discussions revolved around KAB’s target groups and how to best reach them, as well as suggested additions to the KAB materials from different users.
At the end of the meeting participants and facilitators agreed on programme recommendations, most notably:
1- Organizing more competitions at national/regional levels for the best business plan, best facilitator and institution;
2- ensuring that the KAB is institutionalized in related national institutions to ensure the sustainability of the programme and its national rollout;
3- conducting yearly KAB follow up meetings for experience sharing and development;
4- providing continuous training to the KAB facilitators to keep them abreast of new developments and updates;
5- conducting impact assessments of the KAB programme at national levels to build a database of examples and case studies to enhance the evidence-based marketing of the programme;
6- and further developing the online KAB platform for trainers and implementing countries.
Following the successful implementation of the KAB programme in Yemen and at the request of the Minister of Higher Education to include entrepreneurship topics in university curricula, ILO developed a new entrepreneurship programme, “Mubadara”, which is an advanced curriculum targeting senior students in public and private universities.
The aim under the current ILO Youth Employment Project YEM/12/50/NOR in Yemen is to pilot the programme in 7 public and private universities in Yemen and reach out to more than 1000 students during the fall semester of the 2013-2014 academic year.
The “Mubadara” implementation modality is composed of three main components:
- Integrating the curriculum in the selected public and private universities and building the capacity of their faculty members to teach it using an experiential methodology.
- Ensuring quality execution and close monitoring of business plan formulation with the assistance of trained private sector coaches.
- Implementing a national business plan competition which would allow students to apply their learning and increase private sector involvement in supporting entrepreneurship in Yemen.
The launching event of the “Mubadara” programme was held on Thursday July 4th, 2013 at the Bustan Hotel in Sana’a. There were more than 50 attendees from the 7-8 participating universities including, Mr. Mohammed Mottahar, Deputy Minister of Education, Mr. Ali Kassem, MoHE Secretary General, partner banks, representatives of the young businessmen committee of the FCCI and the press. Following the formal opening made by Mr. Kassem (MoHE), Mr. Qaid (SMEPS), Mr. Kalai and Ms. Bikhazi (ILO), all 7 universities and 2 partner banks reviewed the MOU to be signed with SMEPS for the implementation of the “Mubadara” programme and signed it.
There was a general positive atmosphere and all project partners expressed willingness and readiness to take part in the “Mubadara” pilot.
The upcoming Mubadara TOT is scheduled to take place in September 2013 after which teachers will start piloting it in their respective universities.
Under the framework of the ILO project with the Business Development Center in Jordan which aims to integrate the KAB programme in secondary vocational schools and community colleges in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by Al Balka’a Applied University, a series of interviews were conducted by an ILO consultant, the KAB Coordinator and the Director of Entrepreneurship & MSME Support at the Business Development Center (BDC). The interviews targeted 65 teachers from 14 vocational education schools.
Based on ILO’s vast experience in implementing the KAB programme in the Arab Region, suggestions and comments from participants, teachers/trainers and other KAB programme stakeholders and beneficiaries have helped enhance ILO’s project implementation strategies through a series of lessons learned. A main issue faced was the low number of teachers/trainers certified as KAB National Facilitators relative to the total number who attended the KAB Training of Facilitators’ Workshop and participated in the KAB Pilot. In some cases, only 50% of teachers/trainers who participated in the KAB Pilot were certified. Most uncertified teachers/trainers faced severe time constraints, financial constraints, transportation problems, lack of basic calculation skills or were simply disinterested in the KAB programme.
Consequently, ILO started involving all project stakeholders, including teachers/trainers, at the onset of the project to increase their sense of ownership for the programme, introduce them to the programme’s benefits and requirements, and highlight its impact on the entrepreneurial attitudes of both students and teachers/trainers.
One of the newly adopted strategies involves conducting a series of informal interviews with all KAB direct beneficiaries namely, KAB Coordinators, KAB Supervisors and KAB Teachers/Trainers. The purpose of the interviews is to assess the coordinators’, teachers’/trainers’ and supervisors’ readiness and ability to participate in the KAB pilot and ensure they fit the ILO/KAB teacher/trainer criteria. During the interviews, the interviewer re-iterates the objectives of the KAB programme and the requirements for its successful implementation to make sure that all involved parties are aware of what is required from them and are interested in piloting the programme in their institutions.
- Of the 65 teachers selected by the Ministry of Education, a total of 58 were interviewed
- Conducting the teacher interviews after school directors attend the KAB Awareness workshop and involving them in the initial selection of teachers would make the teacher selection process more efficient
- A total of 26 teachers were selected to take part in the KAB pilot, of which 9 are women
- 13 out of the 14 vocational secondary schools will be included in the first year of the KAB pilot.
- Inform the selected teachers about the KAB TOF dates and provide then with a copy of the package to prepare themselves for the training
- Set-up the interviews with teachers from community colleges
Under the framework of the ILO/KAB project in the Palestine (funded by Kuwait and the Welfare Association) and the nationalization process of the KAB programme currently underway in the Ministries of Labour, Education and Higher Education, a KAB Refresher National Key Facilitator workshop was conducted from 13-18 April 2013 at the Ankars Hotel in Ramallah. It was mainly facilitated by Mr. Samih Jaber, KAB Regional Key Facilitator, with the help of the ILO Enterprise Development Specialist.
The first day was allocated for the revision of the KAB teaching methods, techniques and games; the introduction of the KAB 2013 version; and the presentation of the new Key Facilitator Guide.
During the workshop, KAB NKFs presented their KAB teaching experiences. They highlighted successes, difficulties, challenges faced and how they dealt with them. A discussion was initiated after each presentation to exchange lessons learned and share good practices. Participants delivered micro-teaching sessions on several KAB topics.
One session was dedicated for participants from each Ministry to prepare and discuss among themselves their KAB dissemination action plan. Once completed, the plans were presented to all participants by the KAB coordinators of each ministry.
Another session was dedicated to present and explain the KAB M&E tools and methodology focusing on the pre and post questionnaires and the KAB impact report. Additionally, one session was allocated to review the KAB KF guide and the roles of the NKFs in organizing KAB TOFs.
At the end of the workshop, participants were provided with hard and electronic copies of the latest KAB 2013 version. Workshop certificates of attendance were distributed in the presence of Mr. Mahmud Njoum, Director General of Vocational Training at MoL, Mr. Ziad Jweilis, Director General Vocational and Technical Education at the MoHE, Mr. Osama Eshtayeh, Acting Director General for Vocational Education and Mr. Mounir Kleibo (ILO Jerusalem).
Under the framework of the ILO KAB project with the Development and Employment Fund and the Vocational Training Corporation, a KAB Training of Facilitators' workshop was conducted over a period of 12 days from 16-28 March 2013 at Ein El Basha Vocational Training Institute 20 km from Amman. It was facilitated by the two KAB Regional Key Facilitators, Mr. Wael Ghosn and Mr. Samih Jaber.
The opening session was attended by Mr. Hani Khleifat, Assistant General Director for Training at the VTC, Ms. Ghada Al Fayez, Training Officer at DEF and the Enterprise Development Specialist at ILO-RO Beirut.
The TOF workshop was attended by 30 participants (22 men and 8 women) from VTC and DEF distributed as follows:
- 27 participants from VTC (23 teachers, 4 supervisors and the programme coordinator at VTC)
- 3 participants from DEF (2 teachers/trainers and the programme coordinator at DEF)
The Enterprise Development Specialist delivered a session on the KAB implementation in the Arab Region, the modality of implementation and the certification process.
At the end of the workshop, participants received a KAB attendance certificate.
Under the framework of the Entrepreneurial Learning project, and the pilot implementation of KAB in general and vocational secondary education during the 2012-2013 academic year, a series of classroom monitoring visits were conducted by Mr. Wael Ghosn, KAB Regional Key Facilitator to assess the performance of teachers and ensure the proper implementation of the KAB programme.
Findings from the general education school visists:
- 16 out of the 21 teachers selected to take part in the KAB pilot actually implemented the programme in classrooms. One teacher had to stop delivery at the beginning of the school year due to the security situation in his region and the remaining 4 did not provide clear reasons for not taking part in the pilot.
- All school directors expressed their interest in the KAB programme and their support to ensure its successful impelemntation in the pilot phase.
- The KAB programme was welcomed by students who greatly benefited from it as was reflected by their improved engagement with their teachers and their active participation in class.
- Due to the delay in issuing the decree to launch the KAB pilot implementation during the 2012-2013 academic year and the strike that was held during that time by teachers and other public officials for a significant period of time, teachers were left with a limited time span that prevented them to fully cover all the course's content.
- Some schools did not provide teachers with the necessary stationary required to deliver the course (flipcharts, markers, flashcards etc...)
Findings from the vocational education school visits:
- Of the 19 teachers, only 10 delivered KAB in classrooms while the rest were not able to do so for any of the following reasons: a lack of students, their contract status, or the extended strike that occured during the academic year.
- All school directors were very enthusiastic about the KAB programme and made sure to provide teachers with the adequate classrooms for the course delivery and the required stationary.
- KAB teachers were very motivated and excited about the KAB programme and worked hard to perfect their classroom delivery of the course by using the programme's participatory teaching techniques.
- Some of the challenges faced include the delay in issuing the decree and the strikd that were mentioned above, the delivery of the course as an extra curricular activity which affeted the students' committment and the insufficient classroom monitoring visits conducted by the assigned KAB supervisors.
Based on the findings of these visits, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education along with the project partners (ILO-UNESCO-ETF) decided to extend the KAB pilot to a second phase and continue the implementation during the 2013-2014 academic year. This would allow to address the challenges faced in the first year, continue the monitoring of teacher's performance for their potential certification and the proper assessment of the programme for its potential integration in the national curricula of both general and vocational secondary education.
Attached are some photos taken during the classroom visits.
Under the framework of the ILO/CIDA project entitled: “Decent Jobs for Egypt’s Young People (DJEP)”, and specifically under the self-employment and entrepreneurship development component, a KAB National Key Facilitator Workshop was facilitated by the RO-Beirut Enterprise Development Specialist, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, upon the request of ILO-Cairo Office.
The workshop was held at the Pyramisa Hotel from 24-28 March 2013. The opening session was attended by officials from the ILO office in Cairo namely Ms. Kholoud Al Khaldi, Senior Enterprise Development Specialist, Mr. Magdy Wahba, SME Expert, Ms. Perihan Tawfik, Project Officer and Mr. Sayed Kasseb, Director of Pathways. Opening speeches focused on the importance of tackling youth unemployment and promoting self-employment as a career option among Egyptian youth.
Following the introduction of the programme and the leveling of participants’ expectations made at the beginning of the workshop by the Enterprise Development Specialist who is a KAB International Key Facilitator (IKF); a brief presentation was made by Mr. Magdy Wahba on the history of the KAB programme in Egypt and the current ILO/CIDA project. Ms. Kholoud Al Khaldi in her turn presented the ILO implementation of the KAB programme in North Africa and also delivered a session on Gender Equality. The IKF, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, made a brief presentation on the KAB implementation in the Middle East followed by Ms. Perihan Tawfik who presented the content of the KAB Key Facilitator Guide.
Twenty two university professors/potential national key facilitators from eight universities across Egypt participated in the NKF workshop. Under the Pathways project in Egypt, almost all of the professors contributed to the KAB training delivered in summer 2012 and/or winter 2013 in addition to some who contributed to some of the promotional awareness sessions in their universities.
Since it was not possible for the Enterprise Specialist to monitor the delivery of the professors in their classrooms, they were each asked to prepare a 15 minutes presentation to report their achievements in KAB teaching and to demonstrate their facilitation skills. Each presentation was followed by a short feedback session to which both the participants and the Enterprise Development Specialist contributed.
On Tuesday 26 March, a two-hour session was allocated for the presentation of the online version of the KAB programme. Participants were guided in a step-by-step application of the online programme which they found interesting and useful if blended with face-to-face training to reduce the training hours in the classrooms. The session was delivered by Ms. Doaa Al Jabali, teacher previously trained on KAB.
On Wednesday 27 March, a two-hour session was allocated to discuss the topic of social entrepreneurship which was delivered by Mr. Ayman Tarabishi from George Washington University. The concept of social entrepreneurship was not very clear to participants who were guided through the definition of the concept in a plane game they all appreciated.
On the last day of the workshop a written test was administered to assess the participants’ knowledge of the KAB programme and its content. Certificates of attendance were also distributed to all participants during the closing session attended by the same officials present at the opening.
Under the ILO/BDC project “Know About Business in the National Company for Employment and Training” and as part of the short-term KAB impact assessment, 7 focus group sessions were held from 4-7 March 2013 at the Business Development Center (BDC) in Amman, Jordan. The focus groups were held with the following participants:
1. Former students at the NCET who did not attend KAB classes
2. Former KAB students at the NCET who got employed
3. Former KAB students at the NCET who opened their own business
4. Former KAB students at the NCET who are unemployed
5. Employers of former KAB students at the NCET
6. Parents of former KAB students at the NCET
7. KAB Trainers at the NCET
The focus groups were facilitated by Alexandra Irani, ILO consultant, and co-facilitated by Ms. Farah Al-Azab as part of her capacity building process as a KAB Coordinator on an upcoming ILO/BDC project. The focus group participants were selected and contacted by the National Company for Employment and Training based on a selection criteria that was made available to them ahead of the focus group dates. Most focus groups included 8-12 participants; ranged between 1 to 2 hours and were video-taped for record keeping. The participants were informed of the confidentiality of the recordings and their consent was sought before proceeding with the recording.
Findings from all focus groups showed the following main points:
- KAB had a significant positive impact on students on a personal level and a business level. It helped increase their self-confidence and taught them how to think strategically, plan all activities they want to undertake and organize their time.
- Even KAB students who faced difficulties in finding a job or are still currently unemployed mentioned the positive impact KAB had on them.
- KAB students, trainers and parents all recommended providing financial linkages to students who complete their business plans and are ready to establish or grow their business.
Thanks to the continuous efforts of Mr. Mohammad Bin Yassin and Mr. Mohamad el Saoub, supervisors at the NCET; Mr. Alaa Abou Hajeh, KAB National Facilitator; Ms. Farah Al Azab, Ms. Hadeel Issa and Mr. Ghaleb Hijazi from BDC, the 7 focus groups were successfully held and the required information from the selected participants was obtained.